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Impact of Smartphone Usage on Physical Education Scores and Learning Motivation

Yu-Jy. Luo, Chun-Chieh Kao, and Chun-Chin Liao
P.E. Office, Ming Chuan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Abstract—Smartphones have become exceedingly prevalent and changed the lifestyles of their users. Teenagers are at particularly high risk of becoming addicted to their devices, which leads to the adoption of sedentary lifestyles and lower quality of life. This study surveyed 460 students at a college in Taiwan. Learning motivation was assessed using a scale with excellent reliability and validity, and one-way analysis of variance and Student’s t-test were employed to identify significant differences between smartphone usage groups. More than 71% of the college students were discovered to use their smartphones for more than 4 hours daily; only 28 participants (6.09%) had daily usage of less than 2 hours. This study also discovered significant differences between the physical education scores and learning motivation of students with different smartphone usage times. Students with higher smartphone usage obtained lower physical education scores and had significantly lower learning motivation. To prevent the negative effects of mobile phone addiction, schools should actively educate students on how mobile phones can be used correctly and healthily. An appropriate combination of smartphones and education could result in a powerful mobile learning tool that enhances teaching quality and efficiency, as well as promoting fun and interest in learning. 
Index Terms—smartphone, learning motivation, physical education scores

Cite: Yu-Jy. Luo, Chun-Chieh Kao, and Chun-Chin Liao, "Impact of Smartphone Usage on Physical Education Scores and Learning Motivation," International Journal of Learning and Teaching, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 50-53, March 2019. doi: 10.18178/ijlt.5.1.50-53