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Implementing Phonics in Elementary Education: An Effective Way to Gain Early English Lite

Kanuengrat Ngamkiatkhajorn 1 and Budsaba Kanoksilapatham 2
1. Faculty of Education, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand
2. Faculty of Arts, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand

Abstract—This present study develops 5 English phonics units and constructs a similar pre-test and post-test to evaluate the effects of the 5 English phonics units on Grade 1 students’ early English literacy skills. Each phonics unit comprises 2 lessons and requires 6 hours of implementing. The study was conducted on 26 students in a government school in Samut Sakhon Province for 30 hours. The first lesson of every unit introduces the correspondence between letters and sounds. The second lesson introduces how to blend those letters and sounds to make words and introduces the meanings of those words. Both the pre-test and post-test comprise 3 sections, focusing on the students’ abilities to segment, decode, and encode words. Based on the paired t-test analysis, there was a greatly-significant difference in the pre-test and post-test scores. From the findings, implementing phonics at the primary level will be a productive alternative of English fundamental education in Thailand.
Index Terms—phonics, early English literacy, segment, decode, encode

Cite: Kanuengrat Ngamkiatkhajorn and Budsaba Kanoksilapatham, "Implementing Phonics in Elementary Education: An Effective Way to Gain Early English Lite," International Journal of Learning and Teaching, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 345-349, December 2018. doi: 10.18178/ijlt.4.4.345-349