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Insight on Delivering Oral Presentation: Preparations, Problems, and Solutions

Rizaldy Hanifa 1 and Siti Rahimah Yusra 2
1. Indonesia University of Education, Bandung, Indonesia
2. Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Abstract—The importance of being able to perform a good oral presentation is undeniably necessary for academician nowadays, including students of higher education. To show their capacity, the students need to be prepared in delivering their presentation. However, the current students’ presentation skill is still far from the expectation. Therefore, this article aims at sharing several facts dealing with presentation skill in terms of preparations, problems faced during presentation, and the ways to cope with the problems. This study was conducted as a qualitative research with descriptive approach. Questionnaire and interview were distributed and performed to five respondents to gather the data needed. The findings show that preparation involving content mastery and practice are the keys to be successful in presentation. Meanwhile, the problems faced are highly related to the respondents’ nervousness due to time limitation and audiences, which cause losing idea while performing. To overcome these, some strategies such as believing in their abilities, skipping less important points, and anticipating possible questions from the audiences were employed. Based on the research results, it is suggested that speaker should be trained to be more aware of the preparations and strategies needed for presentation since the main keys to the success of delivering good presentation are highly determined by knowing how to prepare well and being able to use the strategies more appropriately and frequently. 
Index Terms—communication, presentation skill, speaking performance

Cite: Rizaldy Hanifa and Siti Rahimah Yusra, "Insight on Delivering Oral Presentation: Preparations, Problems, and Solutions," International Journal of Learning and Teaching, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 318-325, December 2018. doi: 10.18178/ijlt.4.4.318-325