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Developing Soft skills Measure in an Indonesian University: Procedure, Validity, and Reliability

Henndy Ginting
The Faculty of psychology, Maranatha Christian University, Bandung, Indonesia

Abstract—Soft skills development have been included in most Indonesian universities curriculum, but there is no standard in developing soft skills measurement. This paper reports development, validity, and reliability of a soft skills questionnaire in a university in Indonesia. Fifteen dimensions of soft skills, which were set in four factors, were operationalized into 150 items of a questionnaire. Nine hundred and four students of the university were recruited randomly and filled in the questionnaire. Exploratory factor analysis indicated the four factors model. Significant item and total items correlations in all dimensions demonstrated construct validity of the questionnaire. Furthermore, highly significant difference in almost all dimension scores of the questionnaire between activist and non-activist in student activities showed discriminative power of the questionnaire. Internal consistency and re-test reliability of the questionnaire were acceptable. We conclude that the questionnaire is a valid measure of soft skills for the university students.
Index Terms—university, soft skills, students, validity, reliability

Cite: Henndy Ginting, "Developing Soft skills Measure in an Indonesian University: Procedure, Validity, and Reliability," International Journal of Learning and Teaching, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 140-147, December 2016. doi: 10.18178/ijlt.2.2.140-147