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Association of Gakko Soji and Littering Behavior by Examining Environmental-Efficacy: A Comparative Study between Japanese School and Indonesian School

Fatimah Syakura 1, Naohiro Tomita 2, and Nya’ J. Madani 3
1. University of Indonesia Department of Environmental Health, Depok, Indonesia
2. Ritsumeikan University Department of Business Administration, Ibaraki, Japan
3. University of Indonesia Department of Nutrition, Depok, Indonesia

Abstract—Waste management has been one of the major problems in Indonesia. Besides the inadequate waste management system, it is also due to the lack of awareness about waste disposal that leads to littering. Littering does not only occur in low educated community, but also occurs in educational institutes. This research aims to investigate the association of the presence of gakko soji in school curriculum to the development of anti-littering attitude. The study is conducted by measuring the environmental efficacy as one of the psychological determinants of littering attitude. The result shows that the average score of environmental efficacy is higher among Indonesian students than Japanese students, but both average scores are still in the same category. Another finding is that the score variation is lower with the students who have experienced gakko soji. The result indicates the presence of probability that gakko soji provides uniform environmental education to students.

Index Terms—littering, gakko soji, environmental efficacy, school curriculum, environmental education, Indonesia, Japan

Cite: Fatimah Syakura, Naohiro Tomita, and Nya’ J. Madani, "Association of Gakko Soji and Littering Behavior by Examining Environmental-Efficacy: A Comparative Study between Japanese School and Indonesian School," International Journal of Learning and Teaching, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 106-110, June 2020. doi: 10.18178/ijlt.6.2.106-110

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.